Vol 53(2019) N 4 p. 586-595; DOI 10.1134/S0026893319040083
D.A. Ponkratova1, A.A. Lushnikova1*
Features of the Structure and Expression of NPM and NCL Genes in Cutaneous Melanoma1Blokhin Cancer Research Center, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 115478 Russia
Received - 2019-02-12; Revised - 2019-03-05; Accepted - 2019-03-07
Malignant cutaneous melanoma (CM) is an extremely aggressive cancer characterized by a high level of metastatic activity and unfavorable prognosis due to a high incidence of relapses, as well as resistance to standard chemotherapy. Cutaneous melanoma accounts for 80% of deaths from malignant skin tumors. Nucleolin/C23 and nucleophosmin/B23, which constitute altogether ~70% of the nucleolus volume, are promising targets for molecular therapy of melanoma. These proteins perform many important functions in the cell, so disruption of the NCL and/or NPM gene structure and abnormal expression of the C23 and B23 proteins they encode, can lead to unlimited cell proliferation and progression of a tumor. Therefore, investigation of the structure and expression of these genes is a topical problem, which is important for understanding the mechanisms of CM carcinogenesis and for the development of new therapeutic approaches. This paper describes new NCL and NPM polymorphisms, as well as the levels of C23 and B23 expression in normal tissues, CM and mucosal melanoma.
cutaneous melanoma, mucosal melanoma, nucleophosmin, B23, NPM, nucleolin, C23, NCL, gene polymorphism, gene expression, carcinogenesis