2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 52(2018) N 1 p. 52-61; DOI 10.1134/S0026893318010119 Full Text

M.A. Majorina*, K.A. Glukhova, V.V. Marchenkov, B.S. Melnik

Effect of Substitutions in Surface Amino Acid on Energy Profile of Apomyoglobin

Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow oblast, 142290 Russia

Received - 2017-05-23; Accepted - 2017-07-17

Studies on the process of spontaneous protein folding into a unique native state are an important issue of molecular biology. Apomyoglobin from the sperm whale is a convenient model for these studies in vitro. Here, we present the results of equilibrium and kinetic experiments carried out in a study on the folding and unfolding of eight mutant apomyoglobin forms of with hydrophobic amino acid substitutions on the protein surface. Calculated values of apparent constants of folding/unfolding rates, as well as the data on equilibrium conformational transitions in the urea concentration range of 0-6 М at 11°C are given. Based on the obtained information on the kinetic properties of the studied proteins, a Φ-value analysis of the transition state has been performed and values of urea concentrations corresponding to the midpoint of the transition from the native to intermediate state have been determined for the given forms of mutant apomyoglobin. It has been found that a significant increase in the stability of the native state can be achieved by a small number of amino acid substitutions on the protein surface. It has been shown that the substitution of only one amino acid residue exclusively affects the height of the energy barrier that separates different states of apomyoglobin.

apomyoglobin, protein folding, tryptophan fluorescence, circular dichroism, stopped-flow experiments, chevron plot