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Vol 51(2017) N 3 p. 426-431; DOI 10.1134/S0026893317030074 Full Text

R. Huo1, L. Yang2, T.G. Zhang3, J.Y. Wei1*

Human selenium-containing single-chain variable fragment with glutathione peroxidase activity protects NIH3T3 fibroblast against oxidative damage

1College of Pharmaceutical Science, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021 P. R. China
2China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, 130033 P. R. China
3College of Physical Education, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021 P. R. China

*weijy@jlu.edu.cn
Received - 2016-05-11; Accepted - 2016-06-01

Ultraviolet B (UVB medium wave, 280-315 nm) induces cellular oxidative damage and apoptosis by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). Glutathione peroxidase functions as an antioxidant by catalyzing the reduction of hydrogen peroxide, the more important member of reactive oxygen species. A human selenium-containing single-chain variable fragment (se-scFv-B3) with glutathione peroxidase activity of 1288 U/μmol was generated and investigated for its antioxidant effects in UVB-induced oxidative damage model. In particular, cell viability, lipid peroxidation extent, cell apoptosis, the change of mitochondrial membrane potential, caspase-3 activity and the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species were assayed. Human se-scFv-B3 protects NIH3T3 cells against ultraviolet B-induced oxidative damage and subsequent apoptosis by prevention of lipid peroxidation, inhibition of the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential as well as the suppression of the caspase-3 activity and the level of intracellular ROS. It seems that antioxidant effects of human se-scFv-B3 are mainly associated with its capability to scavenge reactive oxygen species, which is similar to that of the natural glutathione peroxidase.

se-scFv-B3, glutathione peroxidase, oxidative damage, apoptosis



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