2014  0,718
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 51(2017) N 3 p. 368-371; DOI 10.1134/S0026893317030141 Full Text

A.L. Schwarzman1*, S.V. Sarantseva1

Transmission of pathogenic protein aggregates in Alzheimer's disease

1Konstantinov St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute Kurchatov Institute National Research Center Gatchina, Leningrad oblast Russia

Received - 2016-07-05; Accepted - 2016-08-31

Deposits of amyloid peptide Aβ and intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau protein in the brain of patients are major neuropathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). For a long time, the possibility of horizontal transmission of Aβ aggregates from cell to cell and from person to person remained hypothetical, since there was no experimental evidence. However, in 1993, the formation of senile plaques was confirmed in the brains of animals after intracerebral injections of AD patient brain homogenates or homogenates of the brain of transgenic mice enriched with Aβ aggregates. Other experiments indicate that amyloid peptide Aβ and intracellular aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau protein may be transferred from cell to cell like prions. In 2015 and 2016, it was reported that AD could be transmitted to humans during medical procedures, i.e., that this disease might be iatrogenic. This review discusses the mechanisms by which pathogenic Aβ protein can be transmitted between cells and analyzes the current evidence concerning the possibility of horizontal Aβ transmission from person to person.

Alzheimer's disease, amyloid peptide (Aβ), prions, Aβ transmission