Vol 51(2017) N 2 p. 313-322; DOI 10.1134/S0026893317020169
A.A. Raevskaya1, M.V. Savvateeva1, S.S. Bukhinnik1, O.F. Kandarakov1, P.A. Butylin2, S.V. Zhuk2, A.M. Demin3, V.P. Krasnov3 A.Y. Zaritsky2, A.V. Belyavsky1*
Murine and human hematopoietic progenitor cultures grown on stromal layers expressing Notch ligands1Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991 Russia
2Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Center, St. Petersburg, 197341 Russia
3Postovsky Institute of Organic Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences (Ural Branch), Yekaterinburg, 620990 Russia
Received - 2015-11-16; Accepted - 2016-04-01
The ex vivo maintenance and expansion of hematopoietic stem cells and early progenitors is necessary for the successful treatment of hematopoietic and immune diseases. Multiple attempts to improve the expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) by their cultivation in the presence of growth factor cocktails have so far failed. Novel approaches aimed at conserving the earliest precursors in their undifferentiated state are needed. These approaches should take into account local regulatory factors that are present in the HSC microenvironment and the three-dimensional architecture of their niche. In the present study, we compared the effects of two Notch ligands, i.e., Jagged1 and DLL1, on murine and human hematopoiesis in vitro. Our observations indicate that the stromal expression of Notch ligands increases the production of both the total and phenotypically early murine and human hematopoietic cells in the co-culture. On one hand, this study demonstrates the similarity of effects of stromal expression of Notch ligands on murine and human hematopoiesis in vitro. On the other hand, our study revealed a number of cell type and ligand-specific variations that are systematically described below. It seems that the effects of SCF cytokine addition on murine hematopoiesis in vitro depend on the stromal context and are oppositely directed for Jagged1 and DLL1.
hJagged1, hDLL1, hematopoietic stem cells, ex vivo expansion, stromal cell layers 1