Vol 51(2017) N 2 p. 184-193; DOI 10.1134/S0026893317020078
Genomics and transcriptomics of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Opisthorchiidae, Trematoda)1Institute of Biology and Soil Science, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690022 Russia
2School of Natural Sciences, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, 690012 Russia
Received - 2016-04-05; Accepted - 2016-04-19
The review summarizes the results of first genomic and transcriptomic investigations of the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Opisthorchiidae, Trematoda). The studies mark the dawn of the genomic era for opisthorchiids, which cause severe hepatobiliary diseases in humans and animals. Their results aided in understanding the molecular mechanisms of adaptation to parasitism, parasite survival in mammalian biliary tracts, and genome dynamics in the individual development and the development of parasite-host relationships. Special attention is paid to the achievements in studying the codon usage bias and the roles of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Interspecific comparisons at the genomic and transcriptomic levels revealed molecular differences, which may contribute to understanding the specialized niches and physiological needs of the respective species. The studies in C. sinensis provide a basis for further basic and applied research in liver flukes and, in particular, the development of efficient means to prevent, diagnose, and treat clonorchiasis.
Genomics, transcriptomics, trematode, Clonorchis sinensis, liver fluke, retrotransposons, codon usage, microRNA, mobile elements